is the theft or unauthorized acquisition of secret or restricted information. The
object of industrial espionage is usually to acquire valuable business or product
information belonging to a commercial enterprise.
are payments or favors given surreptitiously to decision makers for selecting the
offender's products or services, and can be money, gifts, or personal favors.
is committed whenever someone intentionally provides false or deceptive information
to others to make money or gain business. The most common employee fraud is fraudulent
expense account statements.
is the misappropriation of money or property by a person who has been entrusted with
its care, custody, or control. It is usually rationalized in one of three ways:
(1) they have a financial problem that cannot be openly
discussed such as blackmail or gambling losses, or
(2) their position of trust gives them the ability to
secretly solve or stave off their problem, or
(3) "just this once",
"I'll put it back", or
"this is a real emergency".
is theft by an employee of relatively inexpensive materials, tools, or other items
owned by the organization.
Theft of Services:
is the unauthorized use of, or the failure to pay for, non-gratis services acquired
through the organization. The services may be used entirely at the workplace such as
long-distance calls or photocopying.
consists of actions, such as damaging property, that are intended to hamper an
organization's operations. It is generally associated with employees that are
bored, feel overworked, have unresolved grievances, or are attempting for some
reason to gain unfair competitive advantage.
means forcibly taking something of value from another person by threatening or
actually harming the victim. Employees not only rob other employees or outsiders,
they may provide information to outsiders who want to rob their organization or the
residence of someone associated with the organization.
means entering a building or vehicle without authorization and either stealing
something or committing another serious offense while inside. Employees can commit
the offense, or provide the information to those who will then actually physically
commit the offense.
is stealing something from a place where one has the right to be present. Shoplifting
and employee theft are two of the most common forms of larceny.